The New Jersey Department of Labor has partnered with the U.S. Department of Labor to crack down on misclassification of employees as independent contractors, and one New Jersey attorney says it is having an effect on his clients.
“The focus of the Department of Labor on both the state and federal level is real,” said Jeffrey Corradino of Jackson Lewis. “It’s not something the Department of Labor is paying lip service to. It’s something they’re actually out there doing.”
Misclassification of employees is notoriously complex. In determining whether a contractor is truly independent or should be a company employee, New Jersey goes by something called the “ABC” test. To comply, an employer must establish that each independent contractor: (a) is free from direction and control; (b) provides a service outside the employer’s usual course of business or places of business; and (c) is engaged in an independently established trade, occupation or business.
Some instances are obvious: A company that one day deems its delivery truck drivers to be independent contractors is almost certainly in violation of the regulations. “Any business that is looking to run a substantial part of its business using independent contractors is playing with fire,” Corradino said. “That’s something the Department of Labor, both on the state and federal level, are going to want to look at.”
But many situations are not so straightforward. For instance, a company might hire a cleaning person as an independent contractor, but if the company is that person’s only client, it may not meet the test. If they lose your account, they’re effectively unemployed. “And that’s exactly what the ABC test is aimed at,” Corradino said.
Companies that are undergoing a wage and hour or unemployment tax audit may be in for a surprise.
“One of the things auditors ask for, which surprises my clients, is they want to see your check register,” Corradino said. “If you have checks made out to individuals instead of companies, they look into that to see if there’s an independent contractor relationship there and whether it’s valid or not,”
“It very well may be a valid independent contractor relationship, but it’s something they’re going to look into.”
Corradino will discuss independent contractor issues in-depth on April 30 at NJBIA’s The Crystal Ball on Wage & Hour Law